Plagiarism has been around since the beginning of spoken and written literature, and it’s probably not going away any time soon. These plagiarism statistics and facts can give some insight into the history of plagiarism and ways to avoid it.
1. The World’s First Plagiarism Issue Was in 80 AD
The idea of plagiarism started when the Roman poet Martial first called someone a Fidentinus–a kidnapper–with regard to others reciting his poems as their own.
2. Plagiarism Was Common in the Middle Ages
Plagiarism was so common in the Middle Ages that their word for it—compilatio—changed to the neutral word compile in later centuries.
3. Leonardo Da Vinci Possibly Plagiarized
Leonardo Da Vinci’s famous drawing of the “Vitruvian Man” from 1490 may be a copy of an illustration by a Renaissance architect named Giacomo Andrea de Ferrara.
4. It’s Possible That William Shakespeare Plagiarized
George North’s unpublished 1576 manuscript, A Brief Discourse of Rebellion, is the possible source for over 20 monologues and phrases from various Shakespeare plays.
5. The English Word “Plagiarism” is Related to Kidnapping
The roots of the English word ‘plagiarism’ come from the Latin plagiarius—a person who seduces, plunders, or kidnaps children or slaves from another.
6. The Word Plagiarism First Entered the English Language in 1601
Ben Jonson first described literary theft as plagiary in 1601.
7. Copyright Laws First Appeared in Great Britain in 1710
Great Britain was the first nation to create copyright laws with the Copyright Act of 1710, also known as the Statute of Anne.
8. Copyright Infringement and Plagiarism Are Similar but Different
Copyright infringement always has legal ramifications, whereas plagiarism only sometimes does.
9. Plagiarism Entered the English Dictionary in 1755
The word ‘plagiarism’ didn’t make it to the English dictionary until 1755, when Samuel Johnson defined plagiarism as “a thief in literature.”
10. Benjamin Franklin Was a Plagiarist
Starting in 1732, Benjamin Franklin used ideas from Jonathan Swift’s Bickerstaff Papers and entire passages from Gargantua and Pantagruel in his American Almanack.
11. The Idea of Footnotes Developed to Combat Plagiarism
12. Essay Mills Started in the Mid-1800s
The first term paper mills date back to the “paper reservoirs” and “fraternity files,” which allowed college students to share old term papers and other works with fellow frat members.
13. Joe Biden May Have Been President in the 1980s If Not for Plagiarism
Some people feel that Joe Biden’s use of phrases from Neil Kinnock in the 1987 democratic primary without credit cost him the election.
14. The Internet Created a Boom of Plagiarism in the Mid-1990s
When the internet became prevalent on school campuses in the mid-1990s, it became easier for students to copy and paste works directly.
15. The Internet Has Made It Easier for Faculty to Uncover Plagiarism
Not only can teachers and professors type suspicious phrases into the internet, some faculty use plagiarism checkers to search entire papers for plagiarism.
16. The Internet Is Full of Plagiarism
According to some estimates, at least 29% of the internet contains duplicate content.
17. J.K. Rowling Was Accused of Plagiarism
In 2009, the estate of Adrian Jacobs accused J.K. Rowling of copying “substantial parts” of the 1987 novel The Adventures of Willy the Wizard in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
18. CNN Fired a News Editor for Plagiarism
In 2014, CNN fired news editor Marie-Louise Gumichian after discovering that she had plagiarized over 50 articles.
19. A Romanian Government Official Resigned Over Plagiarism
Romania’s minister of innovation and digitalization resigned his position in 2021 after journalists discovered he’d plagiarized his resume and an academic paper.
20. Taylor Swift Was Accused of Plagiarizing Lyrics
The lines “players gonna play” and “haters gonna hate” from Taylor Swift’s 2000 song “Shake It Off” also appear in the 3LW song “Playas Gon’ Play.” The case may go to trial again in 2022.
21. The UK Plans to Make Essay Mills Illegal
The UK plans to make essay mills illegal to mirror similar laws already in effect in New Zealand.
22. Recipes Aren’t Protected by Copyright
Cooks have passed the recipes of others off as their own throughout history. However, judges continue to rule that recipes in cookbooks and from bloggers aren’t copyrightable.
23. Plagiarism is Considered Cheating in Academia
Universities have long considered plagiarism of student work to be a form of cheating.
24. Not All Students Are Clear About the Definition of Plagiarism
While most students know that buying a paper from an essay mill is plagiarism, not all students have a clear idea of what plagiarism is and isn’t plagiarism, seeing it as grey rather than black and white.
25. Some Cultures Encourage Plagiarism
The negative connotation of plagiarism isn’t universal. Like those in South Korea, China, and Japan, some collectivist cultures feel that knowledge belongs to everyone and that copying is a form of flattery.
26. Direct Plagiarism is the Most Obvious Type of Plagiarism
When most people think of plagiarism cheaters, they think of direct plagiarism, which involves copying material from a written source word-for-word without citation.
27. Direct Plagiarism is Perceived as the Worst Kind of Plagiarism
Donald McCabe’s study on plagiarism found that university students and faculty perceive direct plagiarism as the most severe form of plagiarism.
28. More Faculty Than Students Admit to Direct Plagiarism
In McCabe’s study, 59% of faculty admitted to direct plagiarism compared to 7% of undergraduates and 4% of graduates.
29. Most High School Students Plagiarize
McCabe found that 58% of high schoolers admit to plagiarizing in public and private high schools.
30. There Are Several Types of Plagiarism
There are several types of plagiarism. Plagiarism can involve:
- Presenting any amount of writing as your own
- Not citing all sources
- Reusing your own work
- Paying someone to write for you
31. Paraphrasing Can Be Plagiarism
Paraphrasing plagiarism happens when a writer paraphrases an idea from another writer without citations, so be sure to learn the difference between paraphrasing and plagiarism.
32. More Faculty Than Students Admit Paraphrase Plagiarism
In McCabe’s study, 69% of faculty admitted copying a few sentences from internet sources, while 80% admitted copying other written sources without footnoting.
33. Higher Ed Students Paraphrase Plagiarize the Internet Often
McCabe found that 36% of undergraduates and 24% of graduate students admit to paraphrasing or copying at least a few sentences from internet sources without footnoting.
34. Higher Ed Students Paraphrase Plagiarize Non-Digital Sources More Often
McCabe found that 38% of undergraduates and 25% of graduate students admit to paraphrasing or copying at least a few sentences from non-internet sources without footnoting.
35. Patchwork Plagiarism is a Common Mistake
In patchwork plagiarism, a writer patches together several pieces of information from various works without citing from every source.
36. Copying Yourself Can Be Plagiarism
Copying other works you’ve written is called self-plagiarism. It can be a form of academic dishonesty and academic cheating. It can also be a copyright issue when freelancers write for separate clients.
37. Inaccurate Authorship Is a Type of Plagiarism
Inaccurate authorship happens when citations don’t include the original writer. It can happen if you don’t include all the authors from a study or work that doesn’t credit the original writer.
38. Having Someone Else Write Your Paper is Plagiarism
McCabe’s studies uncovered that 7% of undergraduates and 3% of graduates admit to having someone else write their entire paper to help them get good grades.
39. Ghostwriting Is Common
40. Source-Based Plagiarism Is Easy to Do
Source-based plagiarism happens when you use several sources but don’t credit all of them. If you accidentally credit a reference for the wrong information, it can also occur.
41. Falsifying Bibliographies Can be Plagiarism
Not giving credit where it’s due or making up sources can be a form of plagiarism. McCabe’s study showed that 14% of undergraduates and 7% of graduates have falsified bibliographies.
42. High School Plagiarism Increased 13% During Virtual School
46% of high school students plagiarized in the COVID-19 virtual school environment compared to 33% before. Documents with 1000+ words had more plagiarism prevalence.
43. Some Universities are Adopting Anti-Plagiarism Software
To fight against plagiarism, many universities are developing or adopting anti-plagiarism software to combat academic dishonesty.
44. Accidental Plagiarism Is Possible
There are several ways to accidentally plagiarize, such as not citing your sources, unintentional paraphrasing, unintentional quoting, rephrasing original ideas without citation, and self-plagiarism.
45. Some Plagiarists Claim Cryptomnesia
Cryptomnesia is a type of accidental amnesia that results from memory glitches. Subjects see ideas or phrases and then forget their original sources when passing off the idea as their own.
46. Consequences of Plagiarism Can Be Severe
Some possible consequences of plagiarism include reputation destruction, failing grades, suspension/expulsion, being fired, or even legal action.
47. Strategies Exist to Avoid Plagiarism
Some strategies to avoid plagiarism include using multiple sources, doing more than just rewording your content, and avoiding over-quoting from other sources.
48. Learning Proper Citation Can Prevent
You can avoid some accidental plagiarism by learning proper citation methods.
49. Flowcharts Can Prevent Plagiarism
Purdue University has created a handy flowchart that can help you know when to cite and when it’s not necessary.
50. Plagiarism Checkers Can Help Avoid Accidental Plagiarism
To avoid accidental plagiarism, you can use an online plagiarism checker like Quetext. It provides both direct plagiarism detection and syntax similarity detection.
Plagiarism statistics speak for themselves as to how often students and professionals plagiarize. If you’re concerned about plagiarism in your own writing, it’s worth looking into more of the links within this article and running your work through a plagiarism checker like Quetext.